ALIGARH "FATIMA" Advanced Homoeopathic & Naturopathic Centre *** Caring lives ***


Posted by Dr.Mukhtar Ahmad on October 18, 2015


Although the word “arthritis” means joint inflammation, the term is used to describe around 200 rheumatic diseases and conditions that affect joints, the tissues that surround the joint, and other connective tissue.

The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis. Other common rheumatic conditions include gout, fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis.

What is arthritis?
Typically, pain, aching, stiffness and swelling in and around one or more joints characterize rheumatic conditions. The symptoms can develop gradually or suddenly. Certain rheumatic conditions can also involve the immune system and various internal organs of the body.
Some forms of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, can affect multiple organs and cause widespread symptoms.

Arthritis is more common among adults aged 65 years or older, but people of all ages (including children) can be affected.
Arthritis has a significantly higher age-adjusted prevalence in women (23.9%) than men (18.6%), with the prevalence increasing with age and higher among women than men in every age group.

Prevalence of arthritis increases with body mass index (BMI). Prevalence increases from 16.3% among underweight and normal adults to 20.3% of overweight adults and 28.9% of obese adults.

Reports among adults by BMI show the following groups express activity limitations:

* 38.2% of underweight and normal
* 37.2% of overweight
* 44.8% of obese.
* Arthritis and exercise

Physical activity and exercise have been shown to benefit people with arthritis by improving pain, function and mental health. However, around 24% of adults with arthritis report being physically inactive compared with 18.6% of adults without arthritis.

By partaking in low levels of exercise, individuals with arthritis face placing themselves at risk of conditions associated with lack of activity such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity and functional limitations.

There are around 200 types of arthritis – or musculoskeletal conditions – which are split into seven main groups:26

1. Inflammatory arthritis
2. Degenerative or mechanical arthritis
3. Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain
4. Back pain
5. Connective tissue disease
6. Infectious arthritis
7. Metabolic arthritis.

Most cases of arthritis are diagnosed with a detailed medical history of current and past symptoms, physical examination and particular radiographic and laboratory studies. It is possible to have more than one form of arthritis at the same time, and only a few rheumatic diseases have a definitive diagnosis, such as gout.

# Diagnosing arthritis depends on the type of arthritis suspected. # Some tests that may be completed to make a diagnosis are :
# Rheumatoid factor
# Anti-CCP antibody
# Complete blood count (CBC)
# C-reactive protein
# Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
# Joint ultrasound or MRI
# Joint X-ray
# Bone scan
# Synovial fluid analysis
# Antinuclear antibody (ANA)
# HLA antigens for HLA B27
# Electrocardiogram (ECG)
Aspiration of joint fluid for cell count, examination of crystals under the microscope, gram stain and culture
# Blood culture
# Thyroid function tests
# Synovial biopsy
# Uric acid – urine
# Uric acid – blood
# Schirmer’s test of tear production
# Salivary gland biopsy
# Tear test
# Slit lamp examination of the eyes
# Urinalysis.

Whether you have a non-inflammatory or inflammatory type of arthritis or even a painful case of gout, there are numerous medications and recommendations to relieve pain and ensure that your joints do not become damaged further.
The focus of treatment for arthritis is to control pain, minimize joint damage and improve or maintain function and quality of life.

# Medications
# Non-pharmacologic therapies
# Physical or occupational therapy
# Splints or joint assistive aids
# Patient education and support
# Weight loss
# Surgery – joint replacement and joint surgery.

There are seven important self-management habits that can help you successfully manage your disease:

1. Be organized: keep track of symptoms, pain levels, medications, and possible side effects for consultations with your doctor
2. Manage pain and fatigue: a medication regimen can be combined with non-medical pain management. Learning to manage fatigue is key to living comfortably with arthritis
3. Stay active: exercise is beneficial for managing arthritis and overall health
4. Balance activity with rest: in addition to remaining active, rest is equally important when your disease is active
5. Eat a healthy balanced diet: a healthy diet can help you achieve a healthy weight and control inflammation by eating foods with anti-inflammatory properties and high in antioxidants
6. Improve sleep: poor sleep can aggravate arthritis pain and fatigue, there are measures that can be put in place to make sure you fall asleep and stay asleep such as avoiding caffeine or strenuous exercise in the evenings
7. Joint care: tips for protecting joints include using your stronger, larger joints as levers when opening doors, using several joints to spread the weight of an object such as using a backpack and gripping as loosely as possible by using padded handles.

Do not sit in the same position for long periods; take regular breaks to keep mobile.

For any Problem Consult your Doctor.

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