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Archive for October, 2015


Posted by Dr.Mukhtar Ahmad on October 18, 2015


Although the word “arthritis” means joint inflammation, the term is used to describe around 200 rheumatic diseases and conditions that affect joints, the tissues that surround the joint, and other connective tissue.

The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis. Other common rheumatic conditions include gout, fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis.

What is arthritis?
Typically, pain, aching, stiffness and swelling in and around one or more joints characterize rheumatic conditions. The symptoms can develop gradually or suddenly. Certain rheumatic conditions can also involve the immune system and various internal organs of the body.
Some forms of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, can affect multiple organs and cause widespread symptoms.

Arthritis is more common among adults aged 65 years or older, but people of all ages (including children) can be affected.
Arthritis has a significantly higher age-adjusted prevalence in women (23.9%) than men (18.6%), with the prevalence increasing with age and higher among women than men in every age group.

Prevalence of arthritis increases with body mass index (BMI). Prevalence increases from 16.3% among underweight and normal adults to 20.3% of overweight adults and 28.9% of obese adults.

Reports among adults by BMI show the following groups express activity limitations:

* 38.2% of underweight and normal
* 37.2% of overweight
* 44.8% of obese.
* Arthritis and exercise

Physical activity and exercise have been shown to benefit people with arthritis by improving pain, function and mental health. However, around 24% of adults with arthritis report being physically inactive compared with 18.6% of adults without arthritis.

By partaking in low levels of exercise, individuals with arthritis face placing themselves at risk of conditions associated with lack of activity such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity and functional limitations.

There are around 200 types of arthritis – or musculoskeletal conditions – which are split into seven main groups:26

1. Inflammatory arthritis
2. Degenerative or mechanical arthritis
3. Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain
4. Back pain
5. Connective tissue disease
6. Infectious arthritis
7. Metabolic arthritis.

Most cases of arthritis are diagnosed with a detailed medical history of current and past symptoms, physical examination and particular radiographic and laboratory studies. It is possible to have more than one form of arthritis at the same time, and only a few rheumatic diseases have a definitive diagnosis, such as gout.

# Diagnosing arthritis depends on the type of arthritis suspected. # Some tests that may be completed to make a diagnosis are :
# Rheumatoid factor
# Anti-CCP antibody
# Complete blood count (CBC)
# C-reactive protein
# Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
# Joint ultrasound or MRI
# Joint X-ray
# Bone scan
# Synovial fluid analysis
# Antinuclear antibody (ANA)
# HLA antigens for HLA B27
# Electrocardiogram (ECG)
Aspiration of joint fluid for cell count, examination of crystals under the microscope, gram stain and culture
# Blood culture
# Thyroid function tests
# Synovial biopsy
# Uric acid – urine
# Uric acid – blood
# Schirmer’s test of tear production
# Salivary gland biopsy
# Tear test
# Slit lamp examination of the eyes
# Urinalysis.

Whether you have a non-inflammatory or inflammatory type of arthritis or even a painful case of gout, there are numerous medications and recommendations to relieve pain and ensure that your joints do not become damaged further.
The focus of treatment for arthritis is to control pain, minimize joint damage and improve or maintain function and quality of life.

# Medications
# Non-pharmacologic therapies
# Physical or occupational therapy
# Splints or joint assistive aids
# Patient education and support
# Weight loss
# Surgery – joint replacement and joint surgery.

There are seven important self-management habits that can help you successfully manage your disease:

1. Be organized: keep track of symptoms, pain levels, medications, and possible side effects for consultations with your doctor
2. Manage pain and fatigue: a medication regimen can be combined with non-medical pain management. Learning to manage fatigue is key to living comfortably with arthritis
3. Stay active: exercise is beneficial for managing arthritis and overall health
4. Balance activity with rest: in addition to remaining active, rest is equally important when your disease is active
5. Eat a healthy balanced diet: a healthy diet can help you achieve a healthy weight and control inflammation by eating foods with anti-inflammatory properties and high in antioxidants
6. Improve sleep: poor sleep can aggravate arthritis pain and fatigue, there are measures that can be put in place to make sure you fall asleep and stay asleep such as avoiding caffeine or strenuous exercise in the evenings
7. Joint care: tips for protecting joints include using your stronger, larger joints as levers when opening doors, using several joints to spread the weight of an object such as using a backpack and gripping as loosely as possible by using padded handles.

Do not sit in the same position for long periods; take regular breaks to keep mobile.

For any Problem Consult your Doctor.

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ACNE & PIMPLES Natural Treatment …

Posted by Dr.Mukhtar Ahmad on October 17, 2015

Must Read if you are Concerned about your Face Value.



Acne (acne vulgaris, common acne) is a disease of the hair follicles of the face, chest, and back that affects almost all teenagers during puberty — the only exception being members of a few primitive Neolithic tribes living in isolation. It is not caused by bacteria, although bacteria play a role in its development. It is not unusual for some women to develop acne in their mid- to late-20s.

Acne appears on the skin as…
occluded pores (“comedones”), also known as blackheads or whiteheads,tender red bumps also known as pimples or zits, pustules, and occasionally as cysts (deep pimples, boils).

No one factor causes acne. Acne occurs when sebaceous (oil) glands attached to the hair follicles are stimulated at the time of puberty by circulating male hormones. Sebum (oil) is a natural substance that lubricates and protects the skin. Associated with increased oil production is a change in the manner in which the skin cells mature, predisposing them to plug the follicular pore.

The plug can appear as a whitehead if it is covered by a thin layer of skin, or if exposed to the air, the darker exposed portion of the plug is called a “blackhead.” The plugged hair follicle gradually enlarges, producing a bump. As the follicle enlarges, the wall may rupture, allowing irritating substances and normal skin bacteria access into the deeper layers of the skin, ultimately producing inflammation. Inflammation near the skin’s surface produces a pustule; deeper inflammation results in a papule (pimple); if the inflammation is deeper still, it forms a cyst.

1. ICE
Ice can be used to quickly reduce the redness, swelling and inflammation of pimples. It helps in improving blood circulation to the affected area, and in tightening the skin and removing dirt and oil accumulated on the skin. You can use ice cubes or crushed ice, whichever is convenient.

** Wrap the ice in a piece of cloth and hold it on the affected skin area for a few seconds.
** Wait a few minutes and repeat the process.

Another quick way to get rid of pimples is the use of lemon juice, which is rich in vitamin C. Lemon juice helps pimples dry up faster. Be sure to use fresh lemon juice and not bottled juice, which has preservatives. There are a couple of ways to apply this remedy.

** Dip a clean cotton swab in fresh lemon juice and apply it to the pimples before going to bed.
** You can also mix one tablespoon of lemon juice with one teaspoon of cinnamon powder and put it on the pimples overnight. In the morning, wash the skin well with lukewarm water. However, this particular remedy is not suitable for those with sensitive skin.

The toothpaste that you use every morning to clean your teeth also can be used to treat pimples quickly. It is most effective when used following the ice remedy. You must use white toothpaste; avoid using gel toothpaste.

** Apply some white toothpaste over the affected skin area before going to bed.
** In the morning, wash your face with water and you will see a significant improvement in the swelling.
If you wish, you can repeat the process in the daytime also. Just make sure the toothpaste remains on the pimples for at least half an hour.

Steaming is wonderful for your skin at any time, but particularly when you have pimples. The steam will open your pores and allow your skin to breathe. This helps get rid of oils, dirt and bacteria trapped in the pores that can cause infection or inflammation.

**Fill a large container with hot water and allow the steam to come in contact with your face for a few minutes.
**Rinse your face with lukewarm water and, after drying, apply an oil-free moisturizer.

Garlic is an antiviral, antifungal, antiseptic and antioxidant agent that can help in the fast treatment of pimples. The sulfur in garlic also promotes quick healing of pimples.

** Cut a fresh garlic clove into two pieces.
** Rub the garlic on the pimples and leave it for five minutes before washing the skin with lukewarm water.
** Repeat the treatment several times a day.
Eating one raw garlic clove daily can also help purify your blood. But do not to eat too much raw garlic as it can upset the stomach.

Baking soda is another effective home remedy to get rid of pimples because it helps exfoliate the skin to remove excess oil, dirt and dead skin cells.

** Make a thick paste by mixing one teaspoon of baking soda with some water or lemon juice.
** Wash your skin well, leaving it slightly damp. Apply the paste on the affected areas and allow it to dry for a few minutes. Never keep baking soda on your skin for longer than a few minutes as it can cause dryness or irritation.
** Wash your face with warm water.
** Repeat the process twice a day for quick results.

Honey is a source of natural antibiotics that can speed up the healing process, as well as help prevent infections.

** Dip a clean cotton swab in honey, put it directly on the affected area and leave it on for half an hour.
** Wash the skin well with lukewarm water.
** Do this a few times a day.
Another option is to mix honey and cinnamon together to make a paste and applying it over the pimples before going to bed. In the morning, there will be less inflammation or swelling. Wash the skin well with cold water.

Cucumber is a rich source of potassium and vitamins such as A, C and E. It also has a cooling and soothing effect on the skin.

** Cut one or two fresh cucumbers into pieces and soak them in water for about an hour. The nutrients, such as vitamin A, potassium and chlorophyll will transfer to the water.
** Strain the water and drink it, or use the water to wash your face.
You can also make a face mask by grinding one cucumber. Apply the mask on your face and allow it to dry for 15 minutes. Wash your skin with warm water. This will help clean dirt and bacteria from your pores.

Papaya fruit has a number of properties that help in the treatment of pimples. It is a good source of the antioxidant vitamin A, and it has enzymes that help reduce inflammation and make your skin soft and smooth.

** Crush raw papaya pieces to extract its juice and apply it over the pimples. Leave it on for 10 to 15 minutes before rinsing it off.
** To make a exfoliating face mask, mash some papaya pieces and add a little honey. Apply this paste on your face and massage gently. Leave it on until it dries completely and then rinse it off.

The soothing and anti-inflammatory properties in aloe vera can treat acne in a matter of a few days. Aloe vera gel is also helpful in healing the scars caused by acne. Apply fresh Aloe Vera pulp on face. Leave it for sometime & then wash with cold water. Do it for nearly 2 weeks. See & Feel the Difference.


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